The American word is math. y = 4, y = 5x + 3, linear regression: a technique in statistics and probability theory for modelling scattered data by assuming an approximate linear relationship between the dependent and independent variables, logarithm: the inverse operation to exponentiation, the exponent of a power to which a base (usually 10 or e for natural logarithms) must be raised to produce a given number, e.g. a circle may be projected into an ellipse or a hyperbola, plane: a flat two-dimensional surface (physical or theoretical) with infinite width and length, zero thickness and zero curvature, probability theory: the branch of mathematics concerned with analysis of random variables and events, and with the interpretation of probabilities (the likelihood of an event happening), Pythagoras’ (Pythagorean) theorem: the square of the hypotenuse of a right angled triangle is equal to the sum of the squares of the two sides (a2 + b2 = c2), Pythagorean triples: groups of three positive integers a, b and c such that the a2 + b2 = c2 equation of Pythagoras’ theorem, e.g. RunPhoto, Getty Images Science, Tech, Math. because 1,000 = 103, the log10 100 = 3, logic: the study of the formal laws of reasoning (mathematical logic the application of the techniques of formal logic to mathematics and mathematical reasoning, and vice versa), logicism: the theory that mathematics is just an extension of logic, and that therefore some or all mathematics is reducible to logic, magic square: a square array of numbers where each row, column and diagonal added up to the same total, known as the magic sum or constant (a semi-magic square is a square numbers where just the rows and columns, but not both diagonals, sum to a constant), Mandelbrot set: a set of points in the complex plane, the boundary of which forms a fractal, based on all the possible c points and Julia sets of a function of the form z2 + c (where c is a complex parameter), manifold: a topological space or surface which, on a small enough scale, resembles the Euclidean space of a specific dimension (called the dimension of the manifold), e.g. (a + b) + c = a + (b + c) or (ab)c = a(bc), asymptote: a line that the curve of a function tends towards as the independent variable of the curve approaches some limit (usually infinity) i.e. While playing around with word vectors and the "HasProperty" API of conceptnet, I had a bit of fun trying to get the adjectives which commonly describe a word. ƒ(x) = x2 or y = x2 assigns a value to ƒ(x) or y based on the square of each value of x, game theory: a branch of mathematics that attempts to mathematically capture behaviour in strategic situations, in which an individual’s success in making choices depends on the choices of others, with applications in the areas of economics, politics, biology, engineering, etc, Gaussian curvature: an intrinsic measure of the curvature of a point on a surface, dependent only on how distances are measured on the surface and not on the way it is embedded in space, geometry: the part of mathematics concerned with the size, shape and relative position of figures, or the study of lines, angles, shapes and their properties, golden ratio (golden mean, divine proportion): the ratio of two quantities (equivalent to approximately 1 : 1.6180339887) where the ratio of the sum of the quantities to the larger quantity equals the ratio of the larger quantity to the smaller one, usually denoted by the Greek letter phi φ (phi), graph theory: a branch of mathematics focusing on the properties of a variety of graphs (meaning visual representations of data and their relationships, as opposed to graphs of functions on a Cartesian plane), group: a mathematical structure consisting of a set together with an operation that combines any two of its elements to form a third element, e.g. Some words that would describe algebra could be; logical, precise, confusing, complicated and rigorous. 28 = 1 + 2 + 4 + 7 + 14, periodic function: a function that repeats its values in regular intervals or periods, such as the trigonometric functions of sine, cosine, tangent, etc, permutation: a particular ordering of a set of objects, e.g. 37⁄100 = 0.37, deductive reasoning or logic: a type of reasoning where the truth of a conclusion necessarily follows from, or is a logical consequence of, the truth of the premises (as opposed to inductive reasoning), derivative: a measure of how a function or curve changes as its input changes, i.e. This type of calculation is called addition, which is … More detailed glossaries can be found at http://www.cut-the-knot.org/glossary/atop.shtml and http://thesaurus.maths.org/mmkb/alphabetical.html (among others). The natives of the Solomon Islands follow a unique method of cursing and yelling at the trees that are too big to be cut down. y = 7x, y = 2x3, natural numbers: the set of positive integers (regular whole counting numbers), sometimes including zero, negative numbers: any integer, ration or real number which is less than 0, e.g. for multiplication, the identity is one; for addition, the identity is zero, imaginary numbers: numbers in the form bi, where b is a real number and i is the “imaginary unit”, equal to √-1 (i.e. 46 MATH WORD LIST at grade level: The words in CAPITAL letters (18) are used in six interactive vocabulary games at www.myvocabulary.com.