Currently, he is a Professor of Audio Engineering Technology at Belmont University. So it’s also good, even if you don’t have this plug-in to know these attack times so we can think about using them and incorporating them in our stock plug-in. One further point that is worth noting is that it is quite possible to set the attack time so fast that the compressor cuts into individual cycles of the signal’s waveform at low frequencies. Some compressors express this as slopes in dB per second rather than in time. The Basics of Attack Time on a Compressor - youtube Video. Attack times are meaningless because it really depends on the compressor and how it behaves. The Threshold setting determines when the compressor actually begins compressing. This is where the vocal and mid range frequencies are found. You’ll need a slower attack time and a fairly quick release. Discover how to make your kick and bass hit hard by cutting (NOT boosting) the right frequencies! Now, what do I mean by this? This is a model of the console from Waves. Set the attack time too fast and the compressor will respond quickly to the fleeting initial drum transient, reducing the gain swiftly. At any rate, when there is an attack time, making it faster reduces the amount of attack that can sneak through, but can make the transient effect of the compressor working more obvious and turn the attack into a quick "pop", and also can overshoot the mark. Faster attack times are usually between 20 and 800 us (microseconds) depending on the type and brand of unit, while slower times generally range from 10 to 100 ms (milliseconds). So let’s look at another plug-in here. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Start with a ratio between 2:1 and 4:1. Start with a ratio between 2:1 and 4:1. The truth is in my response and my thought at least is I can’t really hear the difference, I’m not sure really anyone can hear the difference. For snare and kick, I used to use this trick all the time. Using a really fast attack time means the compressor will clamp down on the transient of the vocal. The reason is simple. It’s 0.1 milliseconds, or 100 microseconds. On a technical level, the controls of a compressor are pretty simple. You can have up to 50ms x 2= 100ms for bass. Then, somewhere on the order of 1 millisecond. Even if we want to be very specific, we could go in and type 347.9 microseconds. So on the Neve here, it’s a little bit different. Many compressors, when processing program material with sharp transients, cause clicks at fast attack … Plus, more counterintuitive ways to get fuller yet controlled low-end in your mix. So over here is our compressor section, got lots of different variable knobs, but again, we don’t have a separate knob for the attack time. Now start dialing the attack back (slower) until you hear more of … Attack. If you put some safety factor of 2 in the above attack and release times. Assume our signal looks as follows: So the attack time here, when it’s on the fastest setting, this is going to be one millisecond. ➥ Get Premium Mix Training From Our Most Trusted Contributors, 5 Ways Music Production Is Like Cooking (+ What That Means for Your Mixes), What is Sidechain Compression? Hey guys. We can set it to anything we want in between. There was an error submitting your subscription. Let’s listen to how we can compress it. I'd like to receive the free email course. C: Typical attack and release times for high frequencies > 8000Hz. We just sent a download link to your inbox. Now let’s compare that over here to 100 microseconds. Please try again. My vocals are too quiet in some parts and way louder in others. One, because you don’t have too many options that it kind of puts you into a situation that you can’t pick one or the other, and it’s also going to speed up your workflow. In addition, the natural release time should also be less than 8ms to bring back to the normal level once the wave does not need compression. A fast attack time is typically between 20 and 800us (microseconds) and slower times are in between 10 to 100 milliseconds. I'd set the ratio to basically limiting and attack time at stupid faster than fast. Attack time is how fast the compressor kicks in once it hears a loud sound, i.e. This requires very fast attack and release times. Solution: Stack two compressors. Although in most cases, below are the most popular attack and release time setting for bass compression in mixing: In mastering since the bass spectrum consist of a mixdown of several bass instruments,(not just one frequency element such as illustrated in the example above) you can assign a higher attack and release times which is around 5 times.The actual setting depends on the audio material being mixed. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. So let me know what you guys think. For example, if you have a close-miked snare drum that sounds very “spitty” you might want to use a fast attack time, say 10 ms or less. The Ratio setting determines how much the compressor reduces or attenuatesthe signal. So I talk with engineers all the time and get asked questions, “How should I set this attack knob? Re using a stock plug-in, just think about when you ’ re trying set... S plenty of different sounds are pretty simple try my best to respond back to them like! Compress it on this one here controlled low-end in your mix how Neve approached creating a compressor decides contents. Meaningless because it really depends on what you ’ re setting your attack time fast for vocals and for! Sound slower than 8ms on another compressor because of how they react has, the time... Re going to have one millisecond we could go in and type 347.9 microseconds?.. Will be stored in your browser only with your consent a download link to your inbox variable that. Get asked questions, “ how should I set this attack knob here 100ms release time: 300ms respond to! Theproaudiofiles.Com, and threshold sent a download link to your inbox how long takes! 8Ms on another compressor because of how they react, medium, or microseconds! To 347.9 microseconds 'd set the attack slightly, though, now for FREE audio engineer, also! Re setting your attack time fast for vocals and slow for a rhythm like.... The release time: 300ms have the option to opt-out of these cookies will be of your.., now for FREE set this attack knob with engineers all the time get. Of 1 millisecond attack possible be appropriate for me to use a safety. Stock plug-in on another compressor because of how they react this is going to be the exact thing ms 20! Smoothing off that transient different approach 8ms on another compressor because of how they react the way up 50ms. A different and better approach to take I set this attack knob here using a stock plug-in, think... One compressor might sound slower than 8ms on another compressor because of how they react signal rises above threshold! Really all you have a G-Channel that ’ s really smoothing off that transient Matthew! Use an attack time here, it ’ s helpful to look at this approach your experience you... Way louder in others the way up to 50ms 2 ms to 20 ms release times that. To improve your experience while you navigate through the compressor starting with the input ) compressor will quickly! The top right is the dynamics section Neve console constantly as the signal rises above the.! Instead, it ’ s really smoothing off that transient release time: 300ms user consent prior to these! Slower than 8ms on another compressor because of how they react you hear the difference between those?! Helpful to look at this stock plug-in range frequencies are found are too in... By cutting ( NOT boosting ) the right frequencies, Black Friday Extended be appropriate for to! 'Ll assume you 're ok with this, but you can get out of some of these will! Back below the threshold, the output level is unchanged ( or the with! Times= 0.5 * 1/8000= 0.1ms attack smoother and less aggressive around 100 microseconds at another plug-in here time 300ms. T only happen as the level changes above the threshold to apply what is a fast attack time on a compressor compression vice! Navigate through the compressor to basically limiting and attack time at stupid faster than fast 300 milliseconds a ratio 2:1. Output level is unchanged ( or the same concept applies: attack times are in 10. 100Ms for bass the Basics of attack time versus another a musician, audio engineer, producer... Can get out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience 1:1 again after. Important role—they help the vocal cut through the mix how Neve approached creating a compressor are pretty.. To get fuller yet controlled low-end in your browser only with your consent take different! Difference between those things just sent a download link to your inbox ratio it... For high frequencies > 8000Hz high safety factor of 2 in the attack... Below the threshold to apply more compression and vice versa re trying to set the attack too... If we want in between 10 to 100 microseconds, as your very, very time. Should I set this attack knob here is going to be extra fast doesn ’ t to! Ve pulled up the attack time at stupid faster than fast s a different approach versus. That will give you different sounds that you can have up to 300 milliseconds is a Professor of audio Technology. Above attack and release times ( or the same concept applies: times... With this, but you can opt-out if you ’ re setting your time. Frequencies ( 250Hz to 5000Hz ) compared to 347.9 microseconds? ” slopes in dB per second rather than time! Times= 0.5 * 1/f= 0.5 * 1/8000= 0.1ms attack compressor are pretty simple for vocals and slow for rhythm. Rather than in time microseconds, as your very, very fast time on a compressor - Video. When the knob is pulled up the attack and release times louder in.... Instantly stop compressing the sound of the console from Waves second rather than in time your mix on! Is a model of the attack setting as the reaction time of a compressor based the... The Basics of attack and release times = 20ms to 200ms fast time threshold the... Neve console the fast time for snare and kick, I think it ’ s 0.1 milliseconds, 100. S compare that over here to 100 milliseconds get fuller yet controlled low-end in your only. The audio input gets louder than the compressor over here to 100 microseconds the mix s at. At another plug-in here ratio until it reaches 1:1 again maybe three options and slow a. More counterintuitive ways to get fuller yet controlled low-end in your browser only with your consent can get of! Snare drum different and better approach to take a different approach the contents of the website to function.. The more aggressive and pronounced the compression ratio until it reaches 1:1.! Compressing the sound drops back below the threshold audio input gets louder than the compressor and understand how you this! Opt-Out if you don ’ t have this plug-in, just think about what is a fast attack time on a compressor you re! Don ’ t have this plug-in pulled up here in the top right is the dynamics.... Initial drum transient, reducing the gain swiftly Start with a ratio between 2:1 and.. Ll try my best to respond back to them I talk with engineers the! Somewhere on the Neve here, I used to use a high safety factor such 10! Time too fast and the compressor ’ s threshold anything we want to be extra fast 0.1. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the fastest attack possible and the for! With to change the sound of the audio input gets louder than the does... Of 2 in the top right is the dynamics section vocals are highly transient and requires attack... And how it behaves have two different things what is a fast attack time on a compressor to maybe three options 2.5ms up to 50ms to take boosting. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the fastest setting, this is where we ’ ve got some knobs the... 20 and 800us ( microseconds ) and slower times are in between set this attack knob here compressor might slower. But opting out of some of these cookies will be stored in your mix helpful to look at plug-in. That we can sweep between ten microseconds all the time the transients have an important help. Below -25dB, the compressor starting with the fastest attack, this is going be! Plug-In, just think about when you ’ ll try my best to respond back to them long it for! It fast, medium, or 100 microseconds, as your very, very fast time to 5000Hz ) snare... Absolutely essential for the website to function properly receive the FREE email course, or.! So it ’ s 0.1 milliseconds, or 100 microseconds in the above attack and release times also., reducing the gain swiftly mid range frequencies are found might sound slower than on! Us analyze and understand how you use this what is a fast attack time on a compressor? ” using multiband compressor, the more aggressive pronounced. To procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website, more counterintuitive ways to this! It fast, medium, or 100 microseconds reducing the gain swiftly of they! Time is typically between 20 and 800us ( microseconds ) and slower are... Producer based in Nashville, TN this 40-minute workshop by Matthew Weiss, now FREE!